beefsteak plants

hamburger汉堡、pizza披萨、French fries法式薯条、beefsteak牛排、spaghetti意大利面等等。

hamburger    英[ˈhæmbɜ:gə(r)]    美[ˈhæmbɜ:rgə(r)]    n.    汉堡包; 碎牛肉; 牛肉饼。   

[例句]Avoid unhealthy foods such as hamburger and chips不要吃不健康食品,如汉堡和薯条。

pizza    英[ˈpi:tsə]    美[ˈpitsə]    n.    意大利薄饼,比萨饼。   

[例句]We went for a pizza together at lunch-time.我们中午一起去吃了比萨饼。

French fries    英[frentʃ fraɪz]    美[frɛntʃ fraɪz]    []    炸薯条。   

[例句]I have chicken and French fries for lunch.我午餐吃了鸡肉和炸蕃薯条。

beefsteak    英[ˈbi:fsteɪk]    美[ˈbifˌstek]    n.    牛排。    

[例句]To sell horse meat as beefsteak is their usual practice.挂羊头卖狗肉是他们的惯技。

spaghetti    英[spəˈgeti]    美[spəˈɡɛti]    n.    意大利面条; [电] 漆布绝缘管。   

[例句]Nicholas ate a dish of spaghetti.尼古拉斯吃了一盘意大利面条。

扩展资料:

Hamburger这个名字起源于德国西北城市汉堡(Hamburg),今日的汉堡是德国最为繁忙的港口,在19世纪中叶的时候,居住在那里的人们喜欢把牛排捣碎成一定形状,这种吃法可能被当时的大量德国移民传到了美洲。

1836年,一道以“汉堡牛排”(Hamburg steak)命名的菜出现在美国人的菜单上;1884年,Hamburg steak 第一次见诸于铅字在波士顿日报,1889年,hamburger steak 第一次见诸于铅字在华盛顿州的沃拉沃拉市的一家报纸上。 

从一本1902年的烹饪手册中我们可以看出,当时Hamburg steak的做法与今天的概念已经很接近了,就是用碎牛肉和洋葱与胡椒粉拌在一起。到了20世纪晚期,美国人对Hamburg steak的做法进行了改良,然后把它送进了快餐店,这就是今天招人喜爱的hamburger的起源。

参考资料:百度百科——hamburger

1、turkey英 [ˈtɜ:ki]   [ˈtɜ:rki]   火鸡

在传统的圣诞餐桌上,烤火鸡是不可缺少的菜式。据说在1620年的圣诞节,大批来自英国的移民抵达美洲的朴里毛斯山,由于当时这里除了满山遍野随处可见的火鸡外,几乎没有别的食物,于是便只好烤火鸡过节。

火鸡体大肉多,味道鲜美,营养丰富,胆固醇含量又低,因此受到西方人的青睐。圣诞节吃火鸡便从此延续下来,成为一种传统。

2、salmon英 [ˈsæmən]  美 [ˈsæmən]  鲑鱼;三文鱼;大马哈鱼;鲑鱼肉

正像中国人过春节吃年饭一样,欧美人过圣诞节也很注重全家团聚。三文鱼是一种流行的食品,亦是一种甚为健康的食品。

三文鱼的食法有多种,欧洲及美国人则会以热或冷烟熏方式制作烟熏三文鱼,熏好的鱼片一般会加上黄油,配着新鲜的柠檬汁一起享用。

3、Smoked ham 熏火腿

熏火腿应该算是圣诞大餐中最传统的正菜了。不仅方便食用,还能满足节日用餐人多的需求,甚至就算剩下了也不怕。烟熏烤火腿往往会在表面涂抹上含有甜味的酱汁,如蜂蜜或者樱桃石榴酱。

利用这些甜味酱可以与红酒成为搭配熏火腿食用的完美组合,因此就需要选择果味稍浓口感丰富一些的红酒来配合烟熏火腿外层上甜腻的味道。

4、Wine英 [waɪn]   美 [waɪn]  红酒

这一传统形成的理由是:肉象征着耶酥基督的肉身,红酒代表他的血。耶稣替人受难,被钉在十字架上所受的血肉之苦,是应该被纪念的。

红酒有特殊的喝法:在酒中加入红糖、橘子皮、肉桔、桔仁、葡萄干等作料,然后在火上一边加温一边搅拌(注意不可开锅),最后淋上一点伏特加,起锅之后,一杯下肚,真是又香又暖。

5、Gingersnap/Lebkuchen姜饼

姜饼的英文有两种一种是Gingersnap,从字面就很好理解姜+薄而脆的饼;而另一种说法来自德语,叫Lebkuchen。总之姜饼就是圣诞节时吃的小酥饼,通常用蜂蜜、红糖、杏仁、蜜饯果皮及香辛料制成。

简单点的有:hamburger汉堡 pizza披萨
French fries法式薯条 beefsteak 牛排 red wine红酒 spaghetti意大利面 cheese奶酪如果是吃西式大餐就多了。 西式自助餐 Western buffet

西式冷餐 Western buffet

冷餐 buffet

1.冷菜 cold dish

1)沙拉 salad

沙拉 salad

色拉 salad

火腿沙拉 ham salad

鸡沙拉 chicken salad

鸡脯沙拉 chicken-breast salad

鸡丝沙拉 shredded chicken salad

鸡蛋沙拉 egg salad

鱼片沙拉 fish salad

虾仁沙拉 shrimp salad

大虾沙拉 prawn salad

蟹肉沙拉 crab salad

素沙拉 vegetable salad

蔬菜沙拉 vegetable salad

鲜蔬菜沙拉 fresh vegetable salad

黄瓜沙拉 cucumber salad

鲜黄瓜沙拉 fresh cucumber salad

奶油黄瓜沙拉 cucumber salad with cream

西红柿黄瓜沙拉 cucumber salad with tomato

西红柿沙拉 tomato salad

甜菜沙拉 beetroot salad

红菜头沙拉 beetroot salad

沙拉油 salad dressing; mayonnaise

沙拉酱 salad dressing; mayonnaise

2)肉 meat

冷杂拌肉 cold mixed meat

冷什锦肉 cold mixed meat

冷肉拼香肠 cold meat and sausage

冷火腿蔬菜 cold ham with vegetables

什锦肉冻 mixed meat jelly

肝泥 mashed liver; live paste

牛肝泥 mashed ox liver; ox liver paste

牛脑泥 mashed ox brain; ox brain paste

冷烤牛肉 cold roast beef

冷烤里脊 cold roast fillet

冷烤羔羊腿 cold roast lamb leg

冷烤猪肉 cold roast pork

冷烩茶肠 cold stewed sausage

冷茶肠 cold sausage

奶酪 cheese

3)鱼 fish

红烩鱼片 stewed fish slices with brown sauce

茄汁烩鱼片 stewed fish slices with tomato sauce

鸡蛋鲱鱼泥子 minced herring with eggs

鸡蛋托鲱鱼 herring on eggs

熏鲱鱼 smoked herring

熏鲤鱼 smoked carp

沙丁油鱼 sardines

鱼肉冻 fish jelly

酿馅鱼 stuffed fish

红鱼子酱 red caviar

黑鱼子酱 black caviar

大虾泥 minced prawns

蟹肉泥 minced crab meat

4)家禽 poultry

鸡肉冻 chicken jelly; chicken in aspic

水晶鸡 chicken in aspic

鸡肉泥 minced chicken meat; chicken paste

鸡肝泥 minced chicken liver; chicken liver paste

鸭肝泥 minced duck liver; duck liver paste

酿馅鸡蛋 stuffed eggs

奶酪酿馅鸡蛋 stuffed eggs with cheese

酿馅鸡 stuffed chicken

冷烤油鸡蔬菜 cold roast chicken with vegetables

冷烤火鸡 cold roast turkey

冷烤山鸡 cold roast pheasant

冷烤野鸡 cold roast pheasant

冷烤鸭 cold roast duck

冷烤野鸭 cold roast wild duck

烤鸭冻粉 roast duck jelly

冷烤鹅 cold roast goose

冷烤野鹅 cold roast wild goose

5)素菜 vegetable dish

什锦蔬菜 assorted vegetables

红烩茄子 stewed egg-plant brown sauce

酿青椒 stuffed green pepper

酿西红柿 stuffed tomato

酸蘑菇 sour mushrooms

酸黄瓜 sour cucumbers; pickled cucumbers

泡菜 pickled cabbage; sour and sweet cabbage

2.热小菜 appetizers

奶油烩香肠 stewed sausage with cream

红烩灌肠 stewed sausage with brown sauce

红酒汁烩腰花 stewed kidney with red wine; kidney with red wine

奶油烩腰花 stewed kidney with cream; kidney with cream

芥末煎火腿豌豆 fried ham and peas with mustard

奶油煎火腿豌豆 fried ham and peas with cream

奶油汁煎牛肝 fried liver with cream sauce; liver with cream sauce

鸡蛋汁煎鲱鱼 fried herring with egg sauce

奶酪口蘑烤鱼 fish au gratin

奶酪口蘑烤蟹肉 crab meat au gratin

奶油奶酪口蘑烤蟹肉 crab meat au gratin with cream

清煎鸡蛋 fried eggs

火腿煎蛋 fried eggs with ham; ham and eggs

火腿蛋 fried eggs with ham; ham and eggs

咸肉煎蛋 fried eggs with bacon; bacon and eggs

香肠煎蛋 fried eggs with sausage; sausage and eggs

清炒鸡蛋 omelette/omelet

香肠炒蛋 sausage omelette/omelet

火腿炒蛋 ham omeletter/omelet

番茄炒蛋 tomato omelette/omelet

菜花沙蛋 cauliflower omelette/omelet

豌豆炒蛋 green peas omelette/omelet; omelette/omelet with green peas

鲜蘑炒蛋 mushroom omelette/omelet; omelette/omelet with mushrooms

果酱炒蛋 jam omelette/omelet; omelette/omelet with jam

3.汤 soup

清汤 light soup; clear soup; consomme

浓汤 thick soup; potage

肉汤 broth

奶油火腿汤 creamed ham soup; ham soup with cream

奶油鸡茸汤 creamed mashed chicken soup; mashed chicken soup with cream

奶油蟹肉汤 creamed crab meat soup; crab meat soup with cream

奶油口蘑解肉汤 creamed mushroom soup with crab meat

奶油大虾汤 creamed prawn soup; prawn soup with cream

奶油鲍鱼汤 creamed abalone soup; abalone soup with cream

奶油龙须菜汤 creamed asparagus soup; asparagus soup with cream

奶油芦笋汤 creamed asparagus soup; asparagus soup with cream

奶油菜花汤 creamed cauliflower soup; cauliflower soup with cream

奶油口蘑汤 creamed mushroom soup; mushroom soup with cream

奶油口蘑菜花汤 creamed mushroom soup with cauliflower

奶油西红柿汤 creamed tomato soup; tomato soup with cream

奶油蕃茄汤 creamed tomato soup; tomato soup with cream

奶油菠菜汤 creamed spinach soup; spinach soup with cream

奶油菠菜泥汤 creamed mashed spinach soup; mashed spinach soup with cream

奶油豌豆汤 creamed peas soup; peas soup with cream

奶油豌豆泥汤 creamed mashed peas soup; mashed peas soup with cream

肉杂拌汤 mixed meat soup

牛尾汤 ox-tail soup

牛肉丸子汤 beef balls soup

牛肉蔬菜汤 beef soup with vegetables

牛肉茶 beef tea

冷牛肉茶 cold beef tea

鸡汤 chicken soup

口蘑鸡汤 chicken soup with mushrooms

番茄鸡汤 chicken soup with tomato

鸡腿蔬菜汤 chicken leg soup with vegetables

咖哩鸡丁汤 curry chicken cubes soup

鸡块汤 chicken chips soup

鸡块面条汤 noodles soup with chicken chips

鸡块大米汤 rice soup with chicken chips

高加索鸡块汤 chicken soup a la Caucasus

鸡球蔬菜汤 chicken meatballs soup with vegetables

鸡杂汤 chicken giblets soup

鸡杂菠菜汤 chicken giblets soup with spinach

鱼汤 fish soup

家常鱼汤 fish soup in home style

红鱼汤 fish soup with tomato

红菜汤 borsch

蔬菜汤 vegetables soup; soup with vegetables

丸子蔬菜汤 meat balls soup with vegetables

酸菜汤 sour cabbage soup

龙须菜汤 soup with asparagus

葱头汤 onion soup

洋葱汤 onion soup

西红柿汤 tomato soup

番茄汤 tomato soup

白豆汤 white beam soup

豌豆汤 pea soup

豌豆泥汤 mashed pea soup

清汤肉饼 consomme with meat pie

面球汤 dumplings soup

通心粉汤 soup with macaroni

通心粉清汤 consomme with macaroni

番茄通心粉汤 tomato soup with macaroni

清汤卧果 consomme with poached eggs

 

4.鱼虾 fish and prawn

炸桂鱼 fried mandarin fish

土豆炸桂鱼 fried mandarin fish with potatoes

番茄汁炸鱼 fried fish with tomato sauce

奶油汁炸鱼 fried fish with cream sauce

鞑靼式炸鱼 fried fish with Tartar sauce

鞑靼汁炸鱼 fried fish with Tartar sauce

清煎鲤鱼 fried carp

火腿汁煎鱼 fried fish with ham sauce

煎鱼 fish a la Russia

罐焖鱼 fish a la Duchesse

罐焖桂鱼 mandarin fish a la Duchesse

火锅鱼片 fish podjarka

火锅鱼虾 fish and prawns podjarka

火锅大虾 prawns podjarka

炭烧鱼串 fish shashlik

炭烧鱼段 fish chips shashlik

铁扒桂鱼 grilled mandarin fish

铁扒比目鱼 grilled turbot

奶油汁烤鱼 baked fish with cream sauce

鱼排 fish steak

奶油口蘑烤桂鱼 mandarin fish au gratin

奶酪口蘑烤鱼虾 fish and prawns au gratin

白汁蒸鱼 steamed fish with white

白酒汁蒸鱼 steamed fish with white wine

红酒蒸鱼 steamed fish with red wine

番茄汁蒸鱼 steamed fish tomato sauce

柠檬汁蒸鱼 steamed fish with lemon sauce

鸡蛋汁蒸鱼 steamed fish with egg sauce

口蘑汁蒸鱼 steamed fish with mushroom sauce

红汁蘑菇蒸鱼 steamed fish with mushrooms and brown sauce

番茄汁蘑菇蒸鱼 steamed fish with mushrooms and tomato sauce

波兰式蒸鱼 steamed fish a la Poland

土豆煮鱼 boiled fish with potatoes

黄油汁土豆煮鱼 boiled fish and potato with butter sauce

炸大虾 fried prawns

炸明虾 fried prawns

软煎大虾 soft-fried prawns

黄油汁煎大虾 fried prawns with butter sauce

罐焖大虾 prawns a la Duchesse

奶酪口蘑烤大虾 prawns au gratin

火腿奶酪炸大虾 fried prawns with ham and cheese

铁扒大虾 grilled prawns

大虾蛋奶酥 prawn souffle

5.素菜 vegetable dish

奶酪口蘑烤蔬菜 vegetables au gratin

黄油菜花 cauliflower with butter

黄油杂拌蔬菜 mixed vegetables with butter

菠菜卧果 spinach with poached egg

奶油汁烤口蘑 baked mushrooms with cream sauce

黄油炒口蘑 fried mushrooms with butter

黄油炒菠菜 fried spinach with butter

黄油炒豌豆 fried peas with butter

黄油炒青豆 fried green peas with butter

炒茄泥 fried mashed egg plants

炸茄子片 fried egg-plant slices

炸番茄 fried tomato

清煎土豆饼 fried potato cake

酿馅西葫芦 stuffed bottle gourd

焖洋白菜卷 braised cabbage rolls

家常焖洋白菜卷 braised cabbage rolls

烩茄子 stewed egg plants

奶油汁烩豌豆 stewed peas with cream sauce

扁豆炒蛋 omelette/omelet with green beans

咖哩素菜 curry vegetables

6.鸡鸭 chicken and duck

烤鸡 roast chicken

烤油鸡 roast chicken

素菜烤鸡 roast chicken with vegetables

棒棒鸡 bon bon chicken

煎鸡 fried chicken

炸笋鸡 fried spring chicken

炸鸡 deep-fried chicken

炸鸡肉串 fried chicken shashlik

鸡肝串 chicken liver shashlik

通心粉煮鸡 boiled chicken with macaroni

奶汁煮鸡 boiled chicken with cream sauce

铁扒笋鸡 grilled spring chicken

焖鸡 braised chicken

家常焖鸡 braised chicken in home style

黄油焖鸡 braised chicken with butter

黄油焖笋鸡 braised spring chicken with butter

黄油焖鸡腿 braised chicken legs with butter

红焖鸡块 braised chicken chips

火锅鸡 podjarka chicken

罐焖鸡 chicken a la Duchesse

罐焖笋鸡 spring chicken a la Duchesse

高加索焖鸡 chicken a la Caucasus

比利时烩鸡 Belgian stewed chicken

奶油烩鸡片 stewed chicken slices with cream

米饭烩鸡鸭 stewed chicken and duck with rice

奶油烩鸡饭 stewed chicken and rice with cream

咖哩鸡饭 curry chicken with rice

细面条白汁鸡腿 chicken legs with spaghetti

鸡肉蛋奶酥 chicken souffle

烤鸭 roast duck

酸菜烤鸭 roast duck with sour cabbage

罐焖鸭 duck a la Duchesse

黄油汁煎鸭肝 fried duck liver with butter sauce

烤野鸭 roast wild duck

酸菜烤野鸭 roast wild duck with sour cabbage

蔬菜烤鸡鸭 roast chicken and duck with vegetables

7.野味 game

黄油焖鸽子 braised pigeon with butter; braised dove with butter

苹果汁烤火鸡 roast turkey with apple sauce

咸肉焖山猫 braised hare with bacon

山鸡串 pheasant shashlik

酸菜烤野鹅 roast wild goose with sour cabbage

烤仙鹤 roast crane

焖沙鸡 braised partridge

焖山鹑 braised partridge
精锐南方商城老师解答汉堡,鸡腿,热狗,甜甜圈,胡萝卜,三明治。hot dog
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